Tight quarters

Excavation of the Dauphine revealed a hold filled with spare blocks and ropes, large oak casks filled with water and wine for the voyage, ballast laid out on either side of the pump-well, and barrels of meat stored near the stern. Depending on the firepower aboard, there were between 90 and 182 crew members, and the men's quarters were on the ship's single deck, which was already occupied by 22 cannons and partly open to the sky. The officers' quarters were beneath the quarter-deck and in the grand cabin, while the forecastle housed the kitchen and the quarters of the seamen, who placed their hammocks between the guns.
Although it was somewhat more spacious and fitted with two decks, living conditions aboard the Aimable Grenot were probably little better, since it housed nearly 400 men. From all indications, the guns were located on the upper deck, in order to free up the lower deck for goods and freight. The lower deck was devoid of any ports, except at the aft, where three small ports a foot square provided light and air for the officers' quarters when the ship was at anchor or in good weather. The kitchen, located at the fore of the first deck, must have been badly ventilated.


Frédéric Osada (Images Explorations) © MCC / DRASSM
Underwater view of an in situ oak cask on the Dauphine (1704). (Ref. : NAT99_SM034_FO.JPG)
Frédéric Osada (Images Explorations) © MCC / DRASSM
Underwater view taken in the fore of the Dauphine (1704). Excavation of single blocks, fiddle-blocks, fairleads and deadeyes, found near a glazed earthenware pitcher and a twig broom. These rigging elements were spares, stowed in the one of the frigate's forward holds. (Ref. : NAT99_SM017)
Christine Lima (Adramar) @ MCC / DRASSM
Reconstruction, by Christine Lima and Claude Brissaud, of a hammoc based on elements found aboard the Dauphine (1704).
Teddy Seguin (Adramar) © MCC / DRASSM
Euphroe carved out of a piece of stave-wood, from the Dauphine (1704). (Nat 1184)
Frédéric Osada (Images Explorations) © MCC / DRASSM
The rear starboard flank of the Aimable Grenot (1749). Divers were able to examine in situ the remains of one of the small ports used to provide air for the officers' quarters. (Ref. : NAT08_SM0625)
Teddy Seguin (Adramar) © MCC / DRASSM
Underwater view of one of the kitchen cauldrons from the L'Aimable Grenot (1749). (Cliché : NAT07_SM0194)

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