The crew

There is no mention in the archives that the sinking of the two Natière frigates resulted in any deaths, leading us to believe that all men survived. Traces of their on-board existence were found everywhere on the wrecks. These including dozens of shoes; these were made of leather and most of them were fitted with pegged leather heels. Those from the Dauphine featured a small side buckle, while the lion's share of those found on the Aimable Grenot generally had, most of the time, a large buckle on the front.
Close examination reveals how much use was gotten out of these shoes. When buckles gave way, they were replaced with laces, or the shoe was modified into a sandal or a clog. Studying these shoes also provides precious information about the crew itself – the age and status of the sailors are revealed by the shoes' sizes, while traces of wear and repair are indications of individual pathologies. We have fewer traces of the men's clothing, essentially a few textile fragments. The discovery of buttons made of wood, tin or copper provides a glimpse of their garments. One of them, with a double fastener, gives us an idea of the large, baggy trousers it once held up.


Teddy Seguin (Adramar) © MCC / DRASSM
Trapped in the chaos of the foundering of the ship amidst ropes and logs, a leather shoe is found in a grey pot during the excavation of the Dauphine (1704). (Picture: NAT02_SM0176)
Teddy Seguin © MCC / DRASSM
Shoe discovered aboard the Dauphine (1704) after treatment. (Ref. : Nat 1182)
Teddy Seguin© MCC / DRASSM
Textile discovered aboard the Dauphine (1704). (Ref. : Nat 1142)
Teddy Seguin (Adramar) © MCC / DRASSM
Copper alloy shoe buckle found on the Aimable Grenot (1749). (Ref. : Nat 2945_1)
Frédéric Osada (Images Explorations) © MCC / DRASSM
Wooden buttons and textile fragments discovered in the fore section of the Dauphine (1704).
Teddy Seguin (Adramar) © MCC / DRASSM
Double "boten-bragou" button made of tin (Nat 1220), found aboard the Dauphine (1704). It was used to close hauts-de-chausses, the billowing pants worn by sailors aboard ship. Similarly-shaped buttons made of wood are in the collections of the Musée départemental breton (Quimper). Those were used to fasten bragou braz, the wide trousers that are part of traditional Brittany costumes.